conventionally divided into three periods, the Old Hittite Kingdom (ca.
1750–1500 BC), the Middle Hittite Kingdom (ca. 1500–1430
BC) and the New
Hittite Kingdom (the Hittite Empire proper, ca. 1430–1180 BC).
One of the sites
the name of the modern village near the ancient city of Kaneš in
eastern Anatolia. The city's name Kaneš is popularly
"Kanesh" because of the way Hittite was recorded in cuneiform.
studies in Turkey are very few. However, Turkey is extremely rich in
sites, ranging from Bronze age to Hellenistic, roman and Ottoman eras.
research of Pinar
aims at acquiring archeomagnetic results from a wide range of periods,
but at the moment focusses on the Hittites and contemporaneous
kingdom was commonly called the Land of Hatti by the Hittites
but the fullest expression is "The Land of the City of Hattusa". This
could be applied to either the entire empire, or more narrowly just to
the core territory, depending upon context.
Hittite Empire (in red) in ca. 1290 BC, bordering on the Egyptian
For an overview
archaeological sites sampled so far, click on the map below:
or Alalah, is another site and is the name of an ancient city and its
city-state of the Amuq River valley, located in the Hatay region of
Turkey near the city of Antakya (ancient Antioch), and now represented
by an extensive city-mound known as Tell Atchana.
Biggin is co-supervisor of Pinar,
particular on palaeointensities.
helping with the sampling of fragile ovens
Publications of Pinar Ertepinar
- Ertepinar, P. Langereis, C.G., Biggin, A.J., de Groot, L.V., Kulakoğlu, F., Omura, S. and Süel,
A. (2016). Full vector archaeomagnetic records from Anatolia
between 2400 and 1350 BCE: implications for geomagnetic field models
and the dating of fires in antiquity, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 434, 171-186.
P., Langereis, C.G., Biggin, A.J., Frangipane,M., Matney,T.,
and Engin, A. (2012). Archaeomagnetic study of five mounds from Upper
Mesopotamia between 2500 and 750 BCE: further evidence for an extreme;y
strong geomagnetic field ca. 3000 years ago, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 357-358, 84-98.
N., Inceöz, M., Ertepinar, P. & Koç, A. Late Cretaceous
to Recent kinematics of SE Anatolia (Turkey), , Geol. Soc. London
Publications, 340, 409-436.
N., Ertepinar, P. and Summers, G.D. (2008). Remote sensing at Kerkenes:
Combining gephysical and other methods, Earth Sciences, 29,
N., Inceöz, M. and Ertepinar, P. (2006). 3D-architecture and
evolution of the Malatya Basin: Inferences for the kinematics of the
and Ovacik fault zones, Turkish J. Earth Sci., 15,