People at Fort Hoofddijk

Pinar Ertepinar
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P. Ertepinar, MSc
Paleomagnetic Laboratory
Fort Hoofddijk
Department of Earth Sciences
Utrecht University 
Budapestlaan 17, 3584 CD Utrecht 
The Netherlands 

Phone +31 30 253 1361


Research of Pinar Ertepinar

Archeomagnetism of Turkey
Archeomagnetic studies in Turkey are very few. However, Turkey is extremely rich in archeological sites, ranging from Bronze age to Hellenistic, roman and Ottoman eras.

The research of Pinar aims at acquiring archeomagnetic results from a wide range of periods, but at the moment focusses on the Hittites and contemporaneous settlements. 

The Hittite kingdom was commonly called the Land of Hatti by the Hittites themselves, but the fullest expression is "The Land of the City of Hattusa". This description could be applied to either the entire empire, or more narrowly just to the core territory, depending upon context.

The Hittite Empire (in red)  in ca. 1290 BC, bordering on the Egyptian Empire (green)
The Hittite kingdom is conventionally divided into three periods, the Old Hittite Kingdom (ca. 1750–1500 BC), the Middle Hittite Kingdom (ca. 1500–1430 BC) and the New Hittite Kingdom (the Hittite Empire proper, ca. 1430–1180 BC).
One of the sites is Kültepe, the name of the modern village near the ancient city of Kaneš in central eastern Anatolia. The city's name Kaneš is popularly transliterated as "Kanesh" because of the way Hittite was recorded in cuneiform.
Alalakh, or Alalah, is another site and is the name of an ancient city and its associated city-state of the Amuq River valley, located in the Hatay region of southern Turkey near the city of Antakya (ancient Antioch), and now represented by an extensive city-mound known as Tell Atchana.

Andy Biggin is co-supervisor of Pinar, 
in particular  on palaeointensities.

Bike helping with the sampling of fragile ovens
For an overview of the archaeological sites sampled so far, click on the map below:

publications Publications of Pinar Ertepinar


  • Ertepinar, P. Langereis, C.G., Biggin, A.J., de Groot, L.V., Kulakoğlu, F., Omura, S. and Süel, A. (2016).  Full vector archaeomagnetic records from Anatolia between 2400 and 1350 BCE: implications for geomagnetic field models and the dating of fires in antiquity, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 434, 171-186.   


  • Ertepinar, P., Langereis, C.G., Biggin, A.J., Frangipane,M., Matney,T., Ökse,T. and Engin, A. (2012). Archaeomagnetic study of five mounds from Upper Mesopotamia between 2500 and 750 BCE: further evidence for an extreme;y strong geomagnetic field ca. 3000 years ago, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.357-358, 84-98.  


  • Kaymakci, N., Inceöz, M., Ertepinar, P. & Koç, A. Late Cretaceous to Recent kinematics of SE Anatolia (Turkey), , Geol. Soc. London Special Publications, 340, 409-436. 
  • Atalan-Çayirezmez, N., Ertepinar, P. and Summers, G.D. (2008). Remote sensing at Kerkenes: Combining gephysical and other methods, Earth Sciences, 29, 87-100. 
  • Kaymakci, N., Inceöz, M. and Ertepinar, P. (2006). 3D-architecture and Neogene evolution of the Malatya Basin: Inferences for the kinematics of the Malatya and Ovacik fault zones, Turkish J. Earth Sci., 15, 123-154.