People at Fort Hoofddijk

Marco Maffione
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Dr. M. Maffione
Paleomagnetic Laboratory
Fort Hoofddijk
ERC home page
Department of Earth Sciences
Utrecht University
Budapestlaan 17, 3584 CD Utrecht 
The Netherlands 

Phone +31 30 253 1361
E-mail M.Maffione @uu.nl

Research
Publications

Personal webpage
My PhD thesis



Research of Marco Maffione

Constraining Subduction Initiation Events
and Pre-Existing Weakness Zones
The aim of this project is to reconstruct spreading and, if possible, subduction  initiation and obduction directions from key ophiolites -  Lycian, Pozantı in Anatolia, Xigaze in Tibet. 

The direction of initial subduction relative to the ophiolite can be accurately determined if it preserved a metamorphic sole (Figure 1). Metamorphic soles are hundreds of meters thick sequences of metamorphic rocks, derived from the top of the subducting plate, ‘cooked’ to the base of the ophiolite.

They form if the overriding oceanic plate is hot (young) at the moment of subduction initiation and indicate subduction initiation close to a spreading center. Because the cold subducting plate rapidly cools the metamorphic soles, these form shortly (several Myr) after subduction initiation. Metamorphic soles are essentially shear zones preserving the initiation direction of an intra-oceanic subduction zone (Figure 1). The age of subduction initiation shortly predates the cooling age of the metamorphic soles.

Obducted ophiolite

Figure 1. Block diagram of an obducted ophiolite, illustrating the analysis of 
direction and timing of spreading and initial subduction.
Paleo-spreading directions preserved in ophiolites will be sub-parallel to the subduction initiation direction if subduction started at a spreading center, or sub-perpendicular if sub- duction initiated along a fracture zone. The direction of paleo-spreading in ophiolites can be reconstructed from sheeted dyke complexes, that form by intrusion of magma into spreading centers, and from mantle shear zones that accommodate plate motion relative to the mantle.

40Ar/39Ar thermochronology on unmeta- morphosed sheeted dykes and U/Pb geochronology on plagiogranite intrusions can date the age of spreading (Figure 1).


Perhaps the largest and best preserved geological record of subduction initiation since the Mesozoic is hidden in the Neotethyan Ophiolite Belt (NOB)  that developed during closure of the Neotethyan Ocean (Figure 2).
Figure 2. Outline of the Neo-Tethyan ophiolite belt, and preliminary reconstruction of the Neotethyan

Figure 3. Competing models for intra-oceanic subduction initiation.
Metamorphic soles below ophiolites in Turkey and Arabia give 40Ar/39Ar ages clustering at ~95±5 Ma, while ages of metamorphic soles below the Xigaze ophiolite in the northern Himalayas are older and cluster around ~125±2 Ma, suggesting that intra-oceanic subduction in the Indian segment of the belt commenced in the early Cretaceous.

The Neotethyan Ophiolite Belt recorded at least two subduction initiation events.

Sheeted dyke complexes of one of the best-studied ophiolites of Oman are sub-parallel to stretching lineations in the metamorphic sole, suggesting subduction initiated along a fracture zone (Figure 3). Detailed reconstructions from the western (Turkish) and eastern (Tibetan) ophiolites are not available yet.

Orientations of paleospreading from ophiolites in Cyprus and Syria are available, but their paleogeographic position within the Neotethyan area is controversial.

publications Publications of Marco Maffione
2016
  • Arculus, R., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K.A., Gurnis, M., Hickey-Vargas, R., Aljahdali, M.H., Bandini, A.N., Barth, A.P., Brandl, P.A., Drab, L., do Monte Guerra, R., Hamada, N., Jiang, F., Kanayama, K., Kender, S., Kusano, Y., Li, H., Loudin, L.C., Maffione, M., Marsaglia, K.M., McCarthy, A., Meffre, S., Morris, A., Savov, I.P., Sena Da Silva, C.E., Tepley III, F.J., van der Land, C., Yogodzinski, G.M., Zhang, Z. (2016), Reply to 'Unclear causes for subduction', Nature Geoscience, 9, 338-339, doi:10.1038/ngeo2704.  
  • Maffione, M. (2016), Kinematic evolution of the Southern Andean orogenic arc.  In: Ghiglione, M.C. (Ed), Geodynamic Evolution of the Southernmost Andes - Connections with the Scotia Arc, Springer (in press).
  • Morris, A. and Maffione, M. (2016). Is the Troodos ophiolite (Cyprus) a complete, transform fault-bounded Neotethyan ridge segment? Geology, 44(3), 199-202.   
  • Van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Maffione, M., Plunder, A.,Kaymakcı, N., Ganerød, M., Hendriks,B.W.H., Corfu, F., Gürer, D., de Gelder, G.I.N.O., Peters, K., McPhee, P.J., Brouwer, F.M., Advokaat, E.L. and Vissers, R.L.M. (2016). Tectonic evolution and paleogeography of the Kırşehir Block and the Central Anatolian Ophiolites, Turkey, Tectonics, 35, doi:10.1002/2015TC004018.   
2015
  • Arculus, R., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K.A., Gurnis, M., Hickey-Vargas, R., Aljahdali, M.H., Bandini, A.N., Barth, A.P., Brandl, P.A., Drab, L., do Monte Guerra, R., Hamada, N., Jiang, F., Kanayama, K., Kender, S., Kusano, Y., Li, H., Loudin, L.C., Maffione, M., Marsaglia, K.M., McCarthy, A., Meffre, S., Morris, A., Savov, I.P., Sena Da Silva, C.E., Tepley III, F.J., van der Land, C., Yogodzinski, G.M., Zhang, Z. (2015). A record of spontaneous subduction initiation in the Izu-Bonin-Mariana arc. Nature Geoscience, 8, 728–733.  
  • Di Stefano, A., N. Baldassini, R. Maniscalco, F. Speranza, M. Maffione, A. Cascella, L. M. Foresi. New bio-magnetostratigraphic data on the Miocene Moria Section (Northern Apennines, Italy): connections between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 48, 135-152.   
  • Huang, W., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Maffione, M., Orme, D., Dupont-Nivet, G., Guilmette, C., Ding, L., Guo, Z., and Kapp, P. (2015). Lower Cretaceous Xigaze ophiolites formed in the Gangdese forearc: Evidence from paleomagnetism, sediment provenance, and stratigraphy, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 415, 142-153. .
  • Huang, W., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Dekkers, M.J., Dupont-Nivet, G., Lippert, P.C., Li, X., Maffione, M., Langereis, C.G., Hu, X., Guo, Z., Kapp, P. (2015). Paleolatitudes of the Tibetan Himalaya from primary and secondary magnetizations of Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous sedimentary rocks,  Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16, 77-100.  
  • Maffione, M., Thieulot, C., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Morris, A., Plümper, O., Spakman, W. (2015). Dynamics of intraoceanic subduction initiation: 1. Oceanic detachment fault inversion and the formation of supra-subduction zone ophiolites, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16, 1753-1770.  
  • Maffione, M., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Koornneef, L., Guilmette, C., Hodges, K.V., Borneman, N., Huang, W., Ding, L., and Kapp, P. (2015). Forearc hyperextension dismembered the South Tibetan ophiolites, Geology,  43, 475-478.  
  • Maffione, M., Hernandez-Moreno,C., Ghiglione, M.C., Speranza, F., Van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Lodolo., E. (2015). Constraints on deformation of the Southern Andes since the Cretaceous from anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility, Tectonophysics, 665, 236-250.   
  • Van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Peters, K., Maffione, M., Spakman, W., Guilmette, C., Thieulot, C., Plümper, O., Gürer, D., Brouwer, F.M., Aldanmaz, E., Kaymakci, N. (2015). Dynamics of intraoceanic subduction initiation: 2. Suprasubduction zone ophiolite formation and metamorphic sole exhumation in context of absolute plate motions, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16, 1771-1785.  
2014
  • Advokaat, E.L., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Maffione, M., Langereis, C.G., Vissers, R.L.M., Cherchi, A., Schroeder, R., Madani, H., and Columbu, S., (2014). Eocene rotation of Sardinia, and the paleogeography of the western Mediterranean region, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 401, 183-195.   
  • Advokaat, E.L., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Maffione, M., Langereis, C.G., Vissers, R.L.M., Cherchi, A., Schroeder, R., Madani, H., and Columbu, S. (2014). Erratum to “Eocene rotation of Sardinia, and the paleogeography of the western Mediterranean region” [Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 401 (2014) 183–195], Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.08.016   
  • Maffione, M., Morris, A., Plümper, O., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J. (2014). Magnetic properties of variably serpentinized peridotites and their implication for the evolution of oceanic core complexes. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 15 (4), 923-944 doi: 10.1002/2013GC004993  
  • Van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Mensink, M., Langereis, C.G., Maffione, M., Spallutio, L., Tropeano, M. and Sabato, L. (2014). Did Adria rotate relative to Africa ?  Solid Earth,  5, 611-629.   
2013
  • Maffione, M., Morris, A. and Anderson, M.W. (2013). Recognizing detachment-mode seaffloor spreading in the deep geological past, Sci. Report, 3, Article number 2336    
  • Maffione, M., Speranza, F., Cascella, A., Longhitano, S.G. and Chiarella, D. (2013). A 125◦ post-early Serravallian counterclockwise rotation of the Gorgoglione Formation (Southern Apennines, Italy): New constraints for the formation ofthe Calabrian Arc. Tectonophysics, 590, 24-37.  
2012
  • Maffione, M., Pucci, S., Sagnotti, L., & Speranza, F. (2012). Magnetic fabric of Pleistocene continental clays from the hanging-wall of an active low-angle normal fault (Altotiberina fault, Italy). International Journal of Earth Sciences, 101(3), 849-861.
2010
  • Maffione, M., Speranza, F., Faccenna, C., & Rossello, E. (2010). Paleomagnetic evidence for a pre-early Eocene (∼ 50 Ma) bending of the Patagonian orocline (Tierra del fuego, Argentina): Paleogeographic and tectonic implications. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 289(1-2), 273-286. 
2009
  • Maffione, M., Speranza, F., & Faccenna, C. (2009). Bending and growth of the central Andean plateau: Paleomagnetic and structural constraints from the Eastern Cordillera (22-24°S, NW Argentina). Rendiconti Online Societa Geologica Italiana, 5, 121-124. 
  • Maffione, M., Speranza, F., & Faccenna, C. (2009). Bending of the Bolivian orocline and growth of the central Andean plateau: Paleomagnetic and structural constraints from the Eastern Cordillera (22-24°S, NW Argentina). Tectonics, 28(4), TC4006
2008
  • Maffione, M., Speranza, F., Faccenna, C., Cascella, A., Vignaroli, G., & Sagnotti, L. (2008). A synchronous Alpine and Corsica-Sardinia rotation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(3), B03104