People at Fort Hoofddijk

Liao Chang
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Dr. Liao Chang
Postdoc 2012-2013
Utrecht University
Now at:
Australian National University
Canberra, Australia



Research of Liao Chang
Greigite magnetic properties and the expression of magnetotactic bacteria in modern and ancient rocks
Liao's principal research interests are investigating the magnetic properties of natural magnetic materials (in rocks, sediments, soils, and biological bodies), as well as their synthetic analogy, and how these magnetic particles record the past geomagnetic field and trace the environmental process and climate change. 

To investigate these properties, heI uses a range of experimental techniques and micromagnetic modeling. 

The experimental techniques include conventional magnetometry, as well as neutron scattering, synchrotron radiation, ferromagnetic resonance and Mössbauer spectroscopy.

publications Publications of Liao Chang
  • Zhao, G., Liu, X., Chen, Q., Lü, B., Chang, L., Niu, H., Li, P., Guo, H., Liu, Z. (2013). A long-term increasing aridification and cooling trend at the Chinese Loess Plateau during the Pliocene . Quaternary International, in press.   
  • Chang, L., Roberts, A.P., Williams, W., Fitz Gerald, J.D., Larrasoaña, J.C., Jovane, L., Muxworthy, A.R. (2012). Giant magnetofossils and hyperthermal events. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 351-352, 258-269.   
  • Chang, L., Pattrick, R.A.D., Van Der Laan, G., Coker, V.S., Roberts, A.P. (2012). Enigmatic X-ray magnetic circular dichroism in Greigite (Fe 3S 4). Canadian Mineralogist, 50 (3), pp. 667-674.   
  • Chang, L., Winklhofer, M., Roberts, A.P., Dekkers, M.J., Horng, C.-S., Hu, L., Chen, Q. (2012). Ferromagnetic resonance characterization of greigite (Fe3S4), monoclinic pyrrhotite (Fe7S8), and non-interacting titanomagnetite (Fe3-xTixO4)Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13 (5), art. no. Q05Z41.   
  • Ma, J., Guo, W., Duan, X., Wang, T., Zheng, W., Chang, L. (2012). Growth of flower-like CdSe dendrites from a Bronsted acid-base ionic liquid precursor. RSC Advances, 2(14), 5944-5946.  
  • Deng, J., Chang, L., Wang, P., Zhang, E., Ma, J., Wang, T. (2012). Preparation and magnetic properties of CoWO4 nanocrystals. Crystal Research and Technology, 47 (9), 1004-1007.   
  • Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Chang, L., Schellenberg, S.A., Fitz Gerald, J.D., Norris, R.D., Zachos, J.C. (2012). Magnetotactic bacterial response to Antarctic dust supply during the Palaeocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 333-334, 122-133.   
  • Roberts, A.P., Chang, L., Heslop, D., Florindo, F., Larrasoaa, J.C. (2012). Searching for single domain magnetite in the "pseudo-single- domain" sedimentary haystack: Implications of biogenic magnetite preservation for sediment magnetism and relative paleointensity determinations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (8), art. no. B08104.   
  • Muxworthy, A.R., Ji, X., Ridley, V., Pan, Y., Chang, L., Wang, L., Roberts, A.P. (2011). Multi-protocol palaeointensity determination from middle Brunhes Chron volcanics, Datong Volcanic Province, China. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 187 (3-4), 188-198.   
  • Roberts, A.P., Chang, L., Rowan, C.J., Horng, C.-S., Florindo, F. (2011). Magnetic properties of sedimentary greigite (Fe3S4): An update. Reviews of Geophysics, 49 (1), art. no. RG1002.   
  • Roberts, A.P., Florindo, F., Villa, G., Chang, L., Jovane, L., Bohaty, S.M., Larrasoaña, J.C., Heslop, D., Fitz Gerald, J.D. (2011). Magnetotactic bacterial abundance in pelagic marine environments is limited by organic carbon flux and availability of dissolved iron. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 310 (3-4), 441-452.   
  • Ma, J., Chang, L., Lian, J., Huang, Z., Duan, X., Liu, X., Peng, P., Kim, T., Liu, Z., Zheng, W. (2010). Ionic liquid-modulated synthesis of ferrimagnetic Fe3S4 hierarchical superstructures, Chemical Communications, 46(27),5006-5008.   
  • Chang, L., Rainford, B.D., Stewart, J.R., Ritter, C., Roberts, A.R., Tang, Y., Chen, Q. (2009). Magnetic structure of greigite (Fe3S4) probed by neutron powder diffraction and polarized neutron diffraction, Journal of Geophysical Research,114(7), art. no. B07101.   
  • Chang, L., Roberts, A.P., Rowan, C.J., Tang, Y., Pruner, P., Chen, Q., Horng, C.-S. (2009). Low-temperature magnetic properties of greigite (Fe3S4), Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems,10(1), art. no. Q01Y04.   
  • Chang, L., Roberts, A.P., Tang, Y., Rainford, B.D., Muxworthy, A.R., Chen, Q. (2008). Fundamental magnetic parameters from pure synthetic greigite (Fe3S4), Journal of Geophysical Research,113(6), art. no. B06104.   
  • Chang, L., Roberts, A.P., Muxworthy, A.R., Tang, Y., Chen, Q., Rowan, C.J., Liu, Q., Pruner, P. (2007). Magnetic characteristics of synthetic pseudo-single-domain and multi-domain greigite (Fe3S4), Geophysical Research Letters, 34(24), L24304.   
  • Roberts, A.P., Liu, Q., Rowan, C.J., Chang, L., Carvallo, C., Torrent, J., Horng, C.-S. (2007). Erratum: "Characterization of hematite (α-Fe2O3), goethite (α-FeOOH), greigite (Fe3S4), and pyrrhotite (Fe7S8) using first-order reversal curve diagrams" (Journal of Geophysical Research (2006) vol. 111 doi: 101029/2006JB004715), Journal of Geophysical Research,112(4), B04S90.   
  • Roberts, A.P., Liu, Q., Rowan, C.J., Chang, L., Carvallo, C., Torrent, J., Horng, C.-S. (2006). Characterization of hematite (a-Fe2O3), geothite (a-FeOOH), greigite (Fe3S4), and pyrrhotite (Fe7S8) using first-order reversal curve diagrams, Journal of Geophysical Research,111(12), art. no. B12S35.   
  • Deng, C., Wei, Q., Zhu, R., Wang, H., Zhang, R., Ao, H., Chang, L., Pan, Y. (2006). Magnetostratigraphic age of the Xiantai Paleolithic site in the Nihewan Basin and implications for early human colonization of Northeast Asia, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 244, 336-348.