People at Fort Hoofddijk

Daniel Pastor Galán
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Dr. D. Pastor Galán
Paleomagnetic Laboratory
Fort Hoofddijk
Department of Earth Sciences, 
Utrecht University 
Budapestlaan 17, 3584 CD Utrecht 
The Netherlands 

Phone +31 30 253 1676

Personal website  

Research of Daniel Pastor Galán
Oroclinal bending and paleolatitude reconstructions in the Eurasian-Arabian collision zone
Motion of continental fragments that rifted off the African margin and moved across the Tethys ocean toward the Eurasian margin was accommodated by subduction below Eurasia until convergence of Africa and Eurasia started ~120 Myr ago. Tethyan plate kinematics are poorly constrained, due to the subduction of the intermittent oceanic crust that was followed by continent-continent collision. The final closure of the Neo-Tethys ocean in the Paleocene to Eocene led to the uplift of the Alpine-Himalayan chain and resulted in the development of the Mediterranean and Paratethys seas. The presence and subsequent disappearance of these large water masses and the uplift of the Alpine-Himalayan belt have been argued to have largely influenced climate.
We will reconstruct Tethyan plate kinematics and continent-continent collision in the present-day Lesser Caucasus and Talysh-Alborz regions that together form the southern extent of Paratethys deposits. We will do this by determining the paleolatitude position of the Africa-Arabia-derived continental (micro)plates and their tectonic rotations through time, in the context of basin development (Paratethys) and the history of oceanic gateways.

Daniel working with Mahnaz Rezaeian in Iran on Eocene volcanics

Continent-continent collision and the tectonic framework for Paratethys development will specifically be studied in two regions that are characterised by their arc-shape: the Lesser Caucasus and the Talysh-Alborz fold-and-thrust belts. Paleomagnetism will provide the rotation patterns in the arc-shaped regions that possibly resulted from oroclinal bending. Exact timing of formation of these arcuate belts will provide constraints for their formation mechanisms such as the collision of intervening continental fragments (e.g. the South Armenian Block and/or Arabia) with Eurasia, slab roll-back mechanisms or a combination of these possibilities

publications Publications of Daniel Pastor Galán

  • Pastor-Galán, D., Mulchrone, K.F., Koymans, M.R., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J. and Langereis, C.G. (2017). Bootstrapped Total Least Squares orocline test: A robust method to quantify vertical axis rotation patterns in orogens, with examples from the Cantabrian and Aegean oroclines, Lithosphere, in press
  • Fernández-Lozano, J., Pastor-Galán, D., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Franco, P. (2016). New kinematic constraints on the Cantabrian orocline: a paleomagnetic study from the Peñalba and Truchas Synclines, NW Spain. Tectonophysics, 681, 95–208.  
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Dekkers, M.J., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Brouwer, D., Groenewegen, T.,  Krijgsman, W., Fernández-Lozano, J., Yenes, M., Álvarez-Lobato, F. (2016). Paleomagnetism of the Central Iberian curve's putative hinge: Too many oroclines in the Iberian Variscides, Gondwana Research, 39, 96-113.  
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Mulchrone, K.F., Koymans, M.R., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J. and Langereis, C.G. (2016). Bootstrapped Total Least Squares orocline test: A robust method to quantify vertical axis rotation patterns in orogens, with examples from the Cantabrian and Aegean oroclines, Lithosphere, accepted

  • Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Fernández-Suárez, J., Pastor-Galán, D., Johnston, S.T., Linneman, U., Hofmann, M., Shaw, J., Colmenero, J.R., Hernández, P. (2015) Significance of detrital zircons in Siluro-Devonian rocks from Iberia. Journal of the Geological Society, 172, 309-322.   
  • Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Collins, A.S., Fernandez-Suarez, J., Pastor-Galán, D.,  González- Clavijo E., Jourdan, F., Weil, A.B. (2015). Dating of lithospheric buckling: 40Ar/39Ar ages of syn-orocline strike-slip shear zones in northwestern Iberia. Tectonophysics 643, 44-54.   
  • Meijers, M.J.M., Smith, B., Pastor Galán, D., Degenaar, R., Sadradze, N., Adamia, Sh., Sahakyan, L., Avagyan, A., Sosson, M., Rolland, Y., Langereis, C.G., Müller, C., (2015). Progressive orocline formation in the Lesser Caucasus as a result of South Armenian Block – Eurasia collision, In: Sosson, M., Stephenson, R.A., Adamia, Sh. (Eds), Tectonic Evolution of the Eastern Black Sea and Caucasus, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 428,   
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Groenewegen, T., Brouwer, D., Krijgsman, W., Dekkers, M.J. (2015). One or two Oroclines in the Variscan orogen of Iberia? Implications for Pangea amalgamation. Geology, 43, 527-530.  
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Ursem, B., Meere, P.A. and Langereis, C.G. (2015). Extending the Cantabrian Orocline to two continents (from Gondwana to Laurussia). Paleomagnetism from South Ireland, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 432, 223-231.  
  • Fernández-Suárez, J., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Pastor-Galán, D., Hofmann, M., Murphy, J.B.,  Linnemann, U. (2014). The Ediacaran-Early Cambrian detrital zircon record of NW Iberia. Possible sources and paleogeographic constraints. International Journal of Earth Sciences,  doi 10.1007/s00531-013-0923-3   
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Fernández-Suárez, J., Murphy, J. B. and Nieto, F. (2013). Tectonic evolution of NW Iberia during the Paleozoic inferred from the geochemical record of detrital rocks in the Cantabrian Zone, Lithos, 182-183, 211-228 
  • Shaw, J., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Johnston, S.T., Pastor Galán, D. (2014). Provenance variability along the Early Ordovician north Gondwana margin: Paleogeographic and tectonic implications of U-Pb detrital zircon ages from the Armorican Quartzite of the Iberian Variscan belt, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 126 (5-6), 702-719.   
  • Mulchrone, K.F., Pastor-Galán, D. and Gutiérrez-Alonso, G. (2013. Mathematica code for least-squares cone  fitting and equal-area stereonet representation. Computers and Geosciences, 54, 203–210.    
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Murphy, J. B., Fernández-Suárez, J., Hofmann, M., & Linnemann, U. (2013). Provenance analysis of the paleozoic sequences of the northern gondwana margin in NW iberia: Passive margin to variscan collision and orocline development. Gondwana Research, 23,1089-1103.   
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G.,  Fernández-Suárez, J., Murphy, J.B. and Nieto, F. (2013). Tectonic evolution of NW Iberia during the Paleozoic inferred from the geochemical record of detrital rocks in the Cantabrian Zone, Lithos, 182-183, 211-228.  
  • Weil, A. B., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Johnston, S. T., & Pastor-Galán, D. (2013). Kinematic constraints on buckling a lithospheric-scale orocline along the northern margin of gondwana: A geologic synthesis. Tectonophysics, 582, 25-49.   
  • Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Johnston, S. T., Weil, A. B., Pastor-Galán, D., & Fernández-Suárez, J. (2012). Buckling an orogen: The Cantabrian Orocline. GSA Today, 22(7), 4-9. 
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Zulauf, G., & Zanella, F. (2012). Analogue modeling of lithospheric-scale orocline buckling: Constraints on the evolution of the Iberian-Armorican arc. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 124(7-8), 1293-1309. 
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Mulchrone, K. F., & Huerta, P. (2012). Conical folding in the core of an orocline. A geometric analysis from the Cantabrian Arc (Variscan belt of NW Iberia). Journal of Structural Geology, 39, 210-223. 
  • Fernández-Suárez, J., Gutierrez-Alonso, G., Johnston, S. T., Jeffries, T. E., Pastor-Galán, D., Jenner, G. A., & Murphy, J. B. (2011). Iberian late-Variscan granitoids: Some considerations on crustal sources and the significance of "mantle extraction ages". Lithos, 123(1-4), 121-132. 
  • Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T. E., Johnston, S. T., Pastor-Galán, D., Murphy, J. B., Franco, M.P. and Gonzalo, J. C. (2011). Diachronous post-orogenic magmatism within a developing orocline in Iberia, European Variscides. Tectonics, 30(5), TC5008 
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G. & Weil, A. B. (2011). Orocline timing through joint analysis: Insights from the Ibero-Armorican Arc. Tectonophysics, 507(1-4), 31-46. 
  • Pastor-Galán, D., Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Meere, P. A., & Mulchrone, K. F. (2009). Factors affecting finite strain estimation in low-grade, low-strain clastic rocks. Journal of Structural Geology, 31(12), 1586-1596.